Comparing treatments

  Watchful waiting Surgery
What are the advantages?

No surgery related complications.

If you choose watchful waiting now, and later still decide to have surgery, the results of surgery are the same.

After surgery the pain disappears in 90 out of 100 people.

No chance of incarceration.

What are the risks?

The groin hernia becomes incarcerated in 3 out of 100 people. If this happens immediate surgery is necessary.

28 out of 100 people will have an adverse event.

In 27 out of 100 people this is temporary

  • 15 out of 100 people will have a temporary swelling in their groin because of blood or fluid.
  • 3 out of 100 people will get a wound infection.
  • 10 out of 100 people will have groin pain longer than 3 months.1,2,3,5

Less than 1 out of 100 people have a severe adverse event:

  • Damage to the bladder, intestine or blood vessels
  • In men, the sperm duct can be damaged. This decreases fertility.

The groin hernia returns in 7 out of 100 people. In this case surgery can be repeated. A second surgery has a higher complication rate. 6

How long before the expected result?

A groin hernia won’t go away over time.

Because of increasing pain 23 out of 100 people still choose surgery within 2 years

After surgery the groin hernia is gone immediately.